“We must obey the forces we wish to command” (F.Bacon)
In 1620, Francis Bacon publishes his philosophical work
Novum Organum Scientiarum (‘new instrument of science’ ).
He details a new system of logic he believes to be superior
to the old ways – against the Aristotelian approach to science
through logic and deductive reasoning alone.
He argues a different approach is needed given the weakness
of the human mind and it’s natural biases
(he lists the Idols of the Mind in his work; today we’d call them cognitive biases ).
According to Bacon, inductive reasoning will allow humanity to uncover the essence of things.
His method relies on systematic observation of cases,
engagement of the senses, and artificial experimentation
to provide additional observance of a phenomenon and it’s causes.